SAP ERP Modules: COMPLETE List (SAP ERP Components)


This is the COMPLETE SAP ERP modules list.

SAP ERP modules and SAP ERP components are the same thing (SAP changed the name in 2004—more on this below).

Get the full list of SAP ERP modules and learn what they are with this detailed article.

So without further ado, let’s do this!

What Are SAP ERP Modules (SAP ERP Components)?

Imagine SAP ERP modules (now SAP components) as building blocks for SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems, such as:

  • SAP R/3 (SAP Real-Time Tier 3)
  • SAP ECC (SAP ERP Central Component)
  • SAP S/4HANA (SAP Business Suite 4 SAP HANA)

A company picks the building blocks to integrate into their SAP ERP system that it needs and leaves out the ones that aren’t needed.

Each building block provides technology to run other building blocks or functionality for a specific purpose such as:

  • Finance
  • Human Resources
  • Logistics

SAP ERP modules allow you to break your SAP ERP system into simpler and more manageable parts. SAP NetWeaver is both the technical foundation for the building block and a building block.

Although SAP ERP modules are now called SAP ERP components (since 2004 with the SAP R/3 upgrade to SAP ECC), for the sake of the old days and because modules sound cooler than components (don’t you think so too—leave a comment), let’s just call them SAP ERP modules.

Below SAP ERP Modules vs. SAP ERP Components, you’ll find a detailed explanation of the differences between SAP ERP modules and SAP ERP components.

First, let’s look at the difference between technical and functional SAP ERP modules:

Technical SAP ERP Modules vs. Functional SAP ERP Modules

SAP ERP modules come in two flavors:

  1. Technical SAP ERP modules
  2. Functional SAP ERP modules

Technical SAP ERP Modules

Technical SAP ERP modules make up the technical foundation of an SAP ERP system.

Technical SAP ERP modules are needed to integrate the functional SAP ERP modules.

Technical SAP ERP modules contain NO logic but serve as the environment for running functional SAP ERP modules.

Two technical SAP ERP modules are mandatory:

Functional SAP ERP Modules

Functional SAP ERP modules are building blocks that contain the processes and logic of specific business areas.

Functional SAP ERP modules extend an ERP system with functionality for certain business areas.

For example, three functional SAP ERP modules are:

  • CO (Controlling)
  • FI (Financial Accounting)
  • PM (Plant Maintenance)

SAP ERP Submodules

SAP ERP modules are further divided into SAP ERP submodules.

SAP ERP submodules provide additional functionality in the business area of their parent.

For example, the SAP ERP module SAP PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) offers the SAP ERP submodules:

  • Basic Data for Process Manufacturing
  • Classification
  • Document Management
  • Engineering Change Management
  • Enterprise Content Management

SAP ERP Modules vs. Software Modules

Even though SAP ERP modules are software, they are not software in a computer science sense in terms of programming.

In computer science, a software module is a functional and self-contained unit of software consisting of processing steps and data structures.

Though SAP ERP modules have processing steps and data structures. But SAP ERP modules are not functional and self-contained units. Since the functions of SAP ERP modules are intertwined or they rely on each other.

Operating an SAP ERP module always affects other SAP ERP modules. Therefore, SAP ERP modules are not self-contained and are no software modules in terms of computer science.

Maybe this is the reason because SAP changed the name from modules to components to differentiate more clearly between SAP ERP modules and software modules in a computer science way.

The complete SAP ERP Modules List

First, an overview of:

  • All technical SAP ERP modules
  • All functional SAP ERP modules

Following is the complete SAP ERP modules list including all SAP ERP modules and their submodules.

🔥 The Complete SAP ERP Modules Overview Infographic in PDF Format (Free)

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Let’s get started:

Technical SAP ERP Modules List

Here’s the complete list of all technical SAP ERP modules:

  • ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming)
  • Basis
  • BI (Business Intelligence)
  • CA (Cross-Application Components)
  • NW (NetWeaver)

Functional SAP ERP Modules List

Here’s a list of all functional SAP ERP modules:

  • CO (Controlling)
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
  • CS (Customer Service)
  • EC (Enterprise Controlling)
  • EPM (Enterprise Performance Management)
  • EHS (Environment, Health, and Safety)
  • FI (Financial Accounting)
  • HCM (Human Capital Management)
  • IS (Industry Solutions)
  • LIS (Logistics Information System)
  • MM (Materials Management)
  • PLM (Product Life Cycle Management)
  • PM (Plant Maintenance)
  • PP (Production Planning)
  • PS (Project Systems)
  • QM (Quality Management)
  • SCM (Supply Chain Management)
  • SD (Sales and Distribution)
  • SEM (Strategic Enterprise Management)
  • SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)
  • TR (Treasury)

Technical SAP ERP Modules and Their SAP ERP Submodules List

Here’s the full list of all of SAP ERP’s technical modules and their submodules:


  • ABAP 00
  • ABAP Workbench
  • ALE
  • ALV reporting
  • ASAP methodology
  • Business Connector
  • Business Server Pages
  • Business Workflow
  • Data Dictionary
  • Dialog Programming
  • EBP
  • EDI
  • Internet Application Server
  • LSMW
  • Menu Painter
  • Mercator Report Painter
  • Report writer
  • Repository Information System
  • SAP Script
  • Screen Painter
  • Smart forms


  • ABAP Programming & Runtime Environment
  • ABAP Workbench
  • Application Link Enabling
  • Authorization System Monitoring with CCMS Workload Alert Monitor
  • Basis Services/ Communication Interfaces
  • Business Management
  • Change and Transport System
  • Client Server Technology
  • Common Program Interface Communications
  • Computer Aided Test Tool
  • Computing Center Management System
  • Controls & Control Framework
  • Customizing
  • Database Interface, Database Platforms
  • Documentation & Translation Tools
  • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Fiori
  • Front End Services
  • Gateway
  • HANA
  • Middleware
  • Network Integration
  • Object Linking & Embedding
  • Operating System Platform
  • Ready to Run R/3
  • Remote Function Calls
  • SAPUI5
  • Security
  • Upgrade General

Business Intelligence (BI)

  • BI Platform
  • BI Suite—Business Explorer
  • Business Objects
  • Data Warehousing
  • Design Build
  • Development Technologies
  • Info Cube
  • ODS Structures

Cross Application Components (CA)

  • Application Link Enabling
  • SAP Business Workflow

NetWeaver (NW)

  • Application Platform
  • Business Information Warehouse
  • Business Intelligence
  • Enterprise Portal
  • Exchange Infrastructure
  • Information Integration
  • Knowledge Management
  • Life Cycle Management
  • Master data Management
  • Mobile Engine
  • People Integration
  • Portal Content
  • Process Integration
  • Security
  • Solution Manager
  • Visual Composer
  • Web Application Server

Functional SAP ERP Modules and Their SAP ERP Submodules List

Here’s the list of all functional SAP ERP modules and submodules.

Controlling (CO)

  • Activity Based Costing
  • Cost Centre Accounting
  • Material Ledger
  • Overhead Cost Controlling
  • Product Cost Controlling
  • Profitability Analysis
  • Sales Order Costing
  • Split Valuation
  • Transfer Pricing

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

  • Channel Management
  • CRM Enterprise
  • CRM Sales
  • E-Commerce
  • Field Applications
  • Industry Specific CRM
  • Interaction Center
  • Marketing
  • Trade Promotion Management

Customer Service (CS)

  • Controlling
  • Service Contracts
  • Service Processing
  • Workflow in Customer Service

Enterprise Controlling (EC)

  • Business Planning and Budgeting
  • Consolidation (EC-CS)
  • Executive Information System
  • Profit Center Accounting

Enterprise Performance Management (EPM)

  • Corporate Close
  • Entity Close
  • Planning, Budgeting, and Forecasting
  • Profitability and Cost Management
  • Reporting and Disclosure
  • Strategy Development and Translation

Environment, Health, and Safety (HCM)

  • Basic Data & Tools
  • Dangerous Goods Management
  • Global Label Management
  • Industrial Hygiene and Safety
  • Occupational Health
  • Product Safety
  • Waste Management

Financial Accounting (FI)

  • Accounts Payable
  • Accounts Receivable
  • Asset Accounting
  • Bank Accounting
  • Business Planning and Consolidation (BPC)
  • Closing Cockpit
  • Consolidation
  • Credit management
  • Extended Ledger
  • Financial Supply Chain Management
  • Funds Management
  • General Ledger Accounting
  • Group Risk and Compliance (GRC)
  • Joint Venture Accounting
  • Lease Accounting
  • New General Ledger
  • Real Estate Management
  • Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR)
  • S/4 HANA Finance
  • Special Ledger
  • Taxes
  • Travel Management

Human Capital Managment (HCM)

  • Benefits Administration
  • Compensation Management
  • Incentive
  • Information System
  • Internet Scenarios
  • Organizational Management
  • Payroll
  • Personnel Administration
  • Personnel Development
  • Personnel Planning
  • Recruitment
  • Self-Service
  • SuccessFactors
  • Talent Management
  • Time Management
  • Training and Events Management
  • Travel Management
  • Wages
  • Workflow

Industry Solutions (IS)

  • Consumer Industries
    • Agribusiness
    • Consumer Products
    • Fashion
    • Life Sciences
    • Retail
    • Wholesale Distribution
  • Discrete Industries
    • Aerospace and Defense
    • Automotive
    • High Tech
    • Industrial Machinery and Components
  • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Building Products
    • Chemicals
    • Mill Products
    • Mining
    • Oil and Gas
    • Utilities
  • Financial Services
    • Banking
    • Insurance
  • Public Services
    • Defense and Security
    • Federal and National Government
    • Future Cities
    • Healthcare
    • Higher Education and Research
    • Regional, State, and Local Government
  • Service Industries
    • Cargo Transportation and Logistics
    • Engineering, Construction, and Operations
    • Media
    • Passenger Travel and Leisure
    • Professional Services
    • Sports and Entertainment
    • Telecommunications

Investment Managment (IM)

  • Appropriation Requests
  • Automatic Settlement of Fixed Assets
  • Corporation Wide Budgeting
  • Depreciation Forecast
  • Information System
  • Investment Measures
  • Investment Programs

Logistics Information System (LIS)

  • Inventory Controlling
  • Plant Maintenance Information System
  • Production Planning and Control Information System
  • Project Information System
  • Purchasing Information System
  • Retail Information System
  • Sales Information System

Materials Management (MM)

  • Extended Warehouse Management
  • External Services Management
  • Inventory/Valuations
  • Inventory Management
  • Invoice Verification
  • Logistics (General)
  • Logistics Information System
  • Materials Planning
  • Purchasing
  • QM in MM
  • Warehouse Management
  • Workflow

Plant Maintenance (PM)

  • Customizing
  • Equipment and Technical Objects
  • Information System
  • Internet Scenarios
  • Maintenance Order Management
  • Maintenance Planning
  • Maintenance Projects
  • PM Processing
  • Preventative Maintenance
  • Service Management
  • Structuring Technical Systems
  • Work Clearance Management

Product Life Cycle Management (PLM)

  • Basic Data for Process Manufacturing
  • Classification
  • Document Management
  • Engineering Change Management
  • Enterprise Content Management

Production Planning (PP)

  • Assembly Orders
  • Capacity requirements
  • Information System
  • Make to Order
  • Master Planning
  • Plant Data Collection
  • PP – Processes
  • PP for Process Industries
  • Product Cost Planning
  • Production Orders
  • Repetitive Manufacturing
  • Sales and Operations Planning

Project Systems (PS)

  • Approval
  • Basic Data
  • Information System
  • Operational Structures
  • Project Execution and Integration
  • Project Planning
  • Results Analysis
  • Work Breakdown Structure

Quality Management (QM)

  • Certificates
  • Control
  • Inspections
  • Notifications
  • Planning
  • QM-IS
  • Test Equipment Management

Sales and Distribution (SD)

  • Billing
  • Credit Control
  • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Foreign Trade
  • Internet
  • Master Data
  • QM in SD
  • Sales
  • Sales Information System
  • Sales Support
  • Shipping
  • Special Business Transactions
  • Transportation

Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM)

  • Business Consolidation
  • Business Information Collection
  • Business Planning and Simulation
  • Corporate Performance Monitor
  • Stakeholder Relationship Management

Supply Chain Management (SCM)

  • Advance Planning and Optimization
  • Event Management
  • Forecasting and Replenishment
  • Inventory Collaboration Hub
  • Product Development and Life Cycle Management
  • SCM Basis
  • SCM Process and Business Scenarios

Supplier Relationship Management (SRM)

  • Catalogue Content Management
  • Plan Driven Procurement
  • Self Service Procurement
  • Service Procurement
  • Spend Analysis
  • Strategic Sourcing

Treasury (TR)

  • Cash Management
  • Electronic banking
  • Funds Management
  • Information System
  • Loans Management
  • Market Risk Management
  • Treasury Management

There you go!

Some SAP ERP Modules Explained

  • BI (Business Intelligence): BW (Business Intelligence Warehouse) extracts reporting relevant data from different sources, consolidates it, prepares it, then makes it available for evaluations.
  • CO (Controlling): The CO module supports management decision-making. Its main responsibilities are cost accounting and planning.
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management): CRM allows archiving and analyzing customer data to execute the required processes. It provides a tailored-made environment for marketing, sales, and after-sales.
  • EC (Enterprise Controlling): The EC module is about Profitability Analysis.
  • ECM (Enterprise Content Management): The ECM module features tools and functions for document and reports management, archiving, scanning, and information retrieval, both through intuitive search queries and document-based collaboration.
  • FI (Financial): The FI module is the external accounting system of a company. The company’s accounts are maintained here, and all the business transactions are posted.
  • FS (Financial Solutions): The FS module is designed to meet the special needs of banks.
  • HCM (Human Capital Management): The HCM module formerly HR (Human Resources), supports the personnel management of an enterprise. Payroll accounting is one of the main tasks of the module.
  • IM (Investment Management): The Investment Management module covers the planning, implementation, and monitoring of investment measures.
  • IS (Industry Solutions): The IS module offers specific solutions for industries that aren’t supported by the standard SAP system. There are IS systems for the automotive industry, banks, insurance companies, or the energy industry, for example.
  • MM (Materials Management): The Materials Management module consists of the following subcomponents: Purchasing, Inventory Management, Inventory Management, and Invoice Verification.The MM module supports the entire procurement process of a business and manages the stock of resources.
  • PM (Plant Maintenance): The PM module contains the maintenance functions such as inspection, maintenance, and repair.
  • PP (Production Planning, and Control): PP (Production Planning and Control) plans and controls the production of a company.
  • PS (Project Systems): The PS module provides all functions of project management software. Its functions are planning, controlling, and monitoring projects.
  • QM (Quality Management): QM (Quality Management) supports quality planning, quality inspection, and quality control.
  • SD (Sales and Distribution): SD (Sales and Distribution) represents the company’s sales process. This module maps all sales, shipping, and billing tasks.
  • TR (Treasury): TR (Treasury) is responsible for liquidity, portfolio, and risk management, carrying out analyses of a company’s liquidity and risk status.
  • WF (Workflow): The WF (Workflow) module has the task to define business processes efficiently. Simple release or approval procedures, but also more complex business processes, in which different departments must be coordinated, can be mapped.

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🔥 The Complete SAP ERP Modules Overview Infographic in PDF Format (Free)

Plus, don't miss future infographics and free SAP tips and insights that are available only to newsletter subscribers. 

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