Complete SAP ERP Modules/Components List

SAP
SAP modules/components list.

A complete list of SAP ERP modules/components and their SAP ERP submodules/subcomponents.

Plus, what are SAP ERP modules/components, and what is the difference between an SAP ERP module and an SAP ERP component?

So, if you want to understand and get a complete overview of SAP ERP modules/components, then this article is for you.

Let’s get started.

Contents

What Are SAP ERP Modules/Components?

You can imagine SAP modules/components as building blocks to form an SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system such as an

Check out this list of essential SAP full forms explained if you are unsure about some of the SAP acronyms mentioned above.

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A company chooses and integrates the building blocks into their SAP ERP system that they need and omits the building which they do not need.

Each building block provides technology to run other building blocks or offers functionality for a specific business purpose such as Finance, Human Resources, or Logistics.

SAP modules/components break an SAP ERP system down into simpler and more manageable parts.

Technical vs. Functional SAP ERP Modules/Components

SAP modules/components come in two flavors:

  1. technical SAP modules/components, and
  2. functional SAP modules/components.

Technical SAP ERP Modules/Components

Technical SAP modules/components are building blocks that build the technical fundament of an SAP ERP system.

Technical SAP modules/components are necessary to integrate the functional building blocks.

They do not contain any functional logic for a certain business area but provide the environment to run functional SAP modules/components.

For example, a technical building block is SAP’s programming language ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming).

Two technical SAP modules/components are mandatory for an SAP ERP system:

For example, three technical SAP modules/components are:

  • ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming),
  • BI (Business Intelligence), and
  • NW (NetWeaver).

Functional SAP ERP Modules/Components

Functional SAP modules/components are building blocks that contain the processes and logic for specific business areas.

Functional SAP modules/components enhance an SAP ERP system with functionalities for certain business areas.

For example, three functional SAP modules/components are:

  • CO (Controlling),
  • FI (Financial Accounting), and
  • PM (Plant Maintenance).

SAP ERP Submodules/Subcomponents

SAP modules/components divide further into SAP submodules/subcomponents.

Each SAP submodule/subcomponent provides additional functionalities in the business area of its parent SAP module/component.

For example, the SAP module/component SAP PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) offers the SAP submodules/subcomponents:

  • Basic Data for Process Manufacturing,
  • Classification,
  • Document Management,
  • Engineering Change Management, and
  • Enterprise Content Management.

SAP ERP Modules vs. SAP ERP Components

SAP calls its modular building blocks SAP modules before and during the time of its R/3.

But SAP changed the name from SAP modules to SAP components with the release of its ECC.

But from the point of what SAP modules and SAP components are, everything stays the same.

It is just the naming.

SAP ERP Modules/Components vs. Software Modules

However, even though SAP modules/components are software, they are not software modules in a computer science way in terms of programming.

In computer science, a software module is a functional and self-contained unit of software which consists of processing steps and data structures.

Though SAP modules/components do consist of processing steps and data structures.

But SAP modules/components are not functional and self-contained units.

Because the functions of the SAP modules/components are intertwined, or they rely on each other.

Putting an SAP module/component into operation always has effects on other SAP modules/components.

Therefore, SAP modules/components are not self-contained and are no software modules in terms of computer science.

Maybe this is the reason because SAP changed the name from modules to components to differentiate more clearly between SAP modules/components and software modules in a computer science way.

Complete SAP ERP Modules/Components List

First, an overview of

  • all technical SAP modules/components, and
  • all functional SAP modules/components.

Followed by a complete SAP modules/components list with all SAP modules/components and their submodules/subcomponents.

SAP modules and SAP components ordered by their business area.

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Complete SAP modules/components overview infographic.

Complete Overview of Technical SAP ERP Modules/Components

This is a list of all technical SAP modules/components:

Complete Overview of Functional SAP EPR Modules/Components

This is a list of all functional SAP modules/components:

Complete Technical SAP EPR Modules/Components and Their SAP ERP Submodules/Subcomponents List

Here you find a complete list of all technical SAP modules/components and their SAP submodules/subcomponents:

ABAP

  • ABAP 00
  • ABAP Workbench
  • ALE
  • ALV reporting
  • ASAP methodology
  • Business Connector
  • Business Server Pages
  • Business Workflow
  • Data Dictionary
  • Dialog Programming
  • EBP
  • EDI
  • IDOCS
  • Internet Application Server
  • LSMW
  • Menu Painter
  • Mercator Report Painter
  • Report writer
  • Repository Information System
  • SAP Script
  • Screen Painter
  • Smart forms

Basis

  • ABAP Programming & Runtime Environment
  • ABAP Workbench
  • Application Link Enabling
  • Authorization System Monitoring with CCMS Workload Alert Monitor
  • Basis Services/ Communication Interfaces
  • Business Management
  • Change and Transport System
  • Client Server Technology
  • Common Program Interface Communications
  • Computer Aided Test Tool
  • Computing Center Management System
  • Controls & Control Framework
  • Customizing
  • Database Interface, Database Platforms
  • Documentation & Translation Tools
  • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Fiori
  • Front End Services
  • Gateway
  • HANA
  • Middleware
  • Network Integration
  • Object Linking & Embedding
  • Operating System Platform
  • Ready to Run R/3
  • Remote Function Calls
  • SAPUI5
  • Security
  • Upgrade General

Business Intelligence (BI)

  • BI Platform
  • BI Suite – Business Explorer
  • Business Objects
  • Data Warehousing
  • Design Build
  • Development Technologies
  • Info Cube
  • ODS Structures

Cross Application Components (CA)

  • Application Link Enabling
  • SAP Business Workflow

NetWeaver (NW)

  • Application Platform
  • Business Information Warehouse
  • Business Intelligence
  • Enterprise Portal
  • Exchange Infrastructure
  • Information Integration
  • Knowledge Management
  • Life Cycle Management
  • Master data Management
  • Mobile Engine
  • People Integration
  • Portal Content
  • Process Integration
  • Security
  • Solution Manager
  • Visual Composer
  • Web Application Server

Complete Functional SAP Modules/Components and Their SAP Submodules/Subcomponents List

Here are all functional SAP modules and SAP components and their SAP submodules or SAP subcomponents:

Controlling (CO)

  • Activity Based Costing
  • Cost Centre Accounting
  • Material Ledger
  • Overhead Cost Controlling
  • Product Cost Controlling
  • Profitability Analysis
  • Sales Order Costing
  • Split Valuation
  • Transfer Pricing

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

  • Channel Management
  • CRM Enterprise
  • CRM Sales
  • E-Commerce
  • Field Applications
  • Industry Specific CRM
  • Interaction Center
  • Marketing
  • Trade Promotion Management

Customer Service (CS)

  • Controlling
  • Service Contracts
  • Service Processing
  • Workflow in Customer Service

Enterprise Controlling (EC)

  • Business Planning and Budgeting
  • Consolidation (EC-CS)
  • Executive Information System
  • Profit Center Accounting

Enterprise Performance Management (EPM)

  • Corporate Close
  • Entity Close
  • Planning, Budgeting, and Forecasting
  • Profitability and Cost Management
  • Reporting and Disclosure
  • Strategy Development and Translation

Environment, Health, and Safety (HCM)

  • Basic Data & Tools
  • Dangerous Goods Management
  • Global Label Management
  • Industrial Hygiene and Safety
  • Occupational Health
  • Product Safety
  • Waste Management

Financial Accounting (FI)

  • Accounts Payable
  • Accounts Receivable
  • Asset Accounting
  • Bank Accounting
  • Business Planning and Consolidation (BPC)
  • Closing Cockpit
  • Consolidation
  • Credit management
  • Extended Ledger
  • Financial Supply Chain Management
  • Funds Management
  • General Ledger Accounting
  • Group Risk and Compliance (GRC)
  • Joint Venture Accounting
  • Lease Accounting
  • New General Ledger
  • Real Estate Management
  • Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR)
  • S/4 HANA Finance
  • Special Ledger
  • Taxes
  • Travel Management

Human Capital Managment (HCM)

  • Benefits Administration
  • Compensation Management
  • Incentive
  • Information System
  • Internet Scenarios
  • Organizational Management
  • Payroll
  • Personnel Administration
  • Personnel Development
  • Personnel Planning
  • Recruitment
  • Self-Service
  • SuccessFactors
  • Talent Management
  • Time Management
  • Training and Events Management
  • Travel Management
  • Wages
  • Workflow

Industry Solutions (IS)

  • Aerospace and Defense
  • Automotive
  • Banking
  • Chemicals
  • Consumer Products
  • Defense and Security
  • Engineering, Construction & Operations
  • Healthcare
  • High Tech
  • Higher Education and Research
  • Industrial Machinery & Components
  • Insurance
  • Life Sciences
  • Media
  • Mill Products
  • Mining
  • Oil and Gas
  • Professional Services
  • Public Sector
  • Retail
  • SAP Business One
  • Sports and Entertainment
  • Telecommunications
  • Transportation & Logistics
  • Utilities
  • Wholesale Distribution

Investment Managment (IM)

  • Appropriation Requests
  • Automatic Settlement of Fixed Assets
  • Corporation Wide Budgeting
  • Depreciation Forecast
  • Information System
  • Investment Measures
  • Investment Programs

Logistics Information System (LIS)

  • Inventory Controlling
  • Plant Maintenance Information System
  • Production Planning and Control Information System
  • Project Information System
  • Purchasing Information System
  • Retail Information System
  • Sales Information System

Materials Management (MM)

  • Extended Warehouse Management
  • External Services Management
  • Inventory/Valuations
  • Inventory Management
  • Invoice Verification
  • Logistics (General)
  • Logistics Information System
  • Materials Planning
  • Purchasing
  • QM in MM
  • Warehouse Management
  • Workflow

Plant Maintenance (PM)

  • Customizing
  • Equipment and Technical Objects
  • Information System
  • Internet Scenarios
  • Maintenance Order Management
  • Maintenance Planning
  • Maintenance Projects
  • PM Processing
  • Preventative Maintenance
  • Service Management
  • Structuring Technical Systems
  • Work Clearance Management

Product Life Cycle Management (PLM)

  • Basic Data for Process Manufacturing
  • Classification
  • Document Management
  • Engineering Change Management
  • Enterprise Content Management

Production Planning (PP)

  • Assembly Orders
  • Capacity requirements
  • Information System
  • KANBAN
  • Make to Order
  • Master Planning
  • Plant Data Collection
  • PP – Processes
  • PP for Process Industries
  • Product Cost Planning
  • Production Orders
  • Repetitive Manufacturing
  • Sales and Operations Planning

Project Systems (PS)

  • Approval
  • Basic Data
  • Information System
  • Operational Structures
  • Project Execution and Integration
  • Project Planning
  • Results Analysis
  • Work Breakdown Structure

Quality Management (QM)

  • Certificates
  • Control
  • Inspections
  • Notifications
  • Planning
  • QM-IS
  • Test Equipment Management

Sales and Distribution (SD)

  • Billing
  • Credit Control
  • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Foreign Trade
  • Internet
  • Master Data
  • QM in SD
  • Sales
  • Sales Information System
  • Sales Support
  • Shipping
  • Special Business Transactions
  • Transportation

Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM)

  • Business Consolidation
  • Business Information Collection
  • Business Planning and Simulation
  • Corporate Performance Monitor
  • Stakeholder Relationship Management

Supply Chain Management (SCM)

  • Advance Planning and Optimization
  • Event Management
  • Forecasting and Replenishment
  • Inventory Collaboration Hub
  • Product Development and Life Cycle Management
  • SCM Basis
  • SCM Process and Business Scenarios

Supplier Relationship Management (SRM)

  • Catalogue Content Management
  • Plan Driven Procurement
  • Self Service Procurement
  • Service Procurement
  • Spend Analysis
  • Strategic Sourcing

Treasury (TR)

  • Cash Management
  • Electronic banking
  • Funds Management
  • Information System
  • Loans Management
  • Market Risk Management
  • Treasury Management

Extract from SAP ERP Modules/Components Explained

  • The BI (Business Intelligence) module formerly BW (Busines Intelligence Warehouse) extracts reporting relevant data of the entire company from different sources, consolidates it, prepares it and makes it available for evaluations.
  • The CO (Controlling) module supports management decision-making. The main tasks are planning and cost accounting.
  • The CRM (Customer Relationship Management) module is used to archive and analyze customer data and thus execute the required processes. It provides a tailor-made environment for the areas of marketing, sales, and after-sales.
  • The EC (Enterprise Controlling) module deals with Profitability Analysis.
  • The ECM (Enterprise Content Management) module contains functions and tools, for example for document and reports management, archiving, scanning and information retrieval via intuitive search queries as well as for document-based collaboration.
  • The FI (Financial) module represents the entire external accounting system of a company. The accounts of the company are managed here and the business transactions are posted.
  • The FS (Financial Solutions) module is designed for the special needs of banks.
  • The HCM (Human Capital Management) formerly HR (Human Resources) has the task to support the personnel management of an enterprise. One of the main tasks of the module is payroll accounting.
  • The IM (Investment Management) module covers the planning, implementation, and monitoring of investment measures.
  • The IS (Industry Solutions) module offers specific solutions for industries that are not supported by the standardized SAP system. There are IS systems, for example, for the automotive industry, banks, and insurance companies or the energy industry.
  • The MM (Materials Management) module consists of the subcomponents Purchasing, Inventory Management, Inventory Management, and Invoice Verification. The task of the MM module is to support the entire procurement process of a company and to manage the stock of resources.
  • The PM (Plant Maintenance) module contains the functionalities for maintenance, i.e. inspection, maintenance, and repair.
  • The PP (Production Planning, and Control) module has the task to plan and control the production of a company.
  • The PS (Project Systems) module provides all functions of project management software. The module’s tasks are the planning, control, and monitoring of projects.
  • The QM (Quality Management) module supports the tasks of quality planning, quality inspection, and quality control.
  • The SD (Sales and Distribution) module represents the sales system of a company. All sales, shipping and billing tasks are mapped in this module.
  • The TR (Treasury) module has the task of ensuring liquidity, portfolio and risk management for a company and carrying out analyses of the company’s liquidity and risk situation.
  • The WF (Workflow) module has the task to define business processes efficiently. Simple release or approval procedures, but also more complex business processes, in which different departments must be coordinated, can be mapped.
3 Comments

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3 Comments. Leave new

Michelle Viret
February 14, 2020 18:07

Absolutely an excellent overview of the modules and detail. Well done

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Can someone explain about SAP ARIBA (as now MM changed to ARIBA)

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