SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems complete standard tasks which occur in a typical company. Therefore, the constructed modularly of SAP modules for SAP’s ERP systems meets the organizational structure of a typical company.
SAP Modules Vs. SAP Components
SAP modules are also called SAP components. Because SAP renamed the term SAP modules: Those software buildings blocks were called modules at the time of SAP’s R/3. And those building blocks are called components since the time of SAP’s ECC.
Due to the name change are submodules now subcomponents. But from the point of functionality, everything stays the same. It is just the naming.
SAP Modules / Components Vs. Computer Science Modules
However, SAP modules or components are not modules in a computer science way. In computer science, a module is a functional and self-contained unit of software which consists of processing steps and data structures.
Though SAP components do consist of processing steps and data structures. But SAP components are not functional and self-contained units. Because the functions of the SAP components are intertwined or they rely on each other.
Maybe SAP changed the name from modules to components to differentiate more clearly between SAP modules and computer science modules.
Putting SAP components into operation always has effects on other components. Therefore, SAP components are not self-contained and are no modules in a computer science way.
SAP Modules / Components Overview
SAP categorizes its R/3 modules and ECC components into three business areas:
- Human Capital Management
Each component has a unique abbreviation – for example, CO for Controlling. Each component contains subcomponents. And each component has a unique abbreviation as well – for example, CO-OM for Overhead Cost Management.
Plus, there are SAP components, which are Industry solutions. Those Industry Solutions enhance multiple other components across different business areas. Same goes for the Workflow.
SAP Modules List / Components List
|Abbreviation||Full Form||Business Area|
|IS||Industry Solutions||Across Areas|
|CO-OM||Overhead Cost Management||Financials|
|CO-OM-ABC||Activity Based Costing||Financials|
|CO-OM-CCA||Cost Center Accounting||Financials|
|CO-OM-CEL||Cost Element Ledger||Financials|
|CO-OM-OPA||Overhead Orders and Projects Accounting||Financials|
|EC-CS||Enterprise Controlling, Consolidation System||Financials|
|EC-PCA||Enterprise Controlling, Profit Center Accounting||Financials|
|FI-GL||General Ledger Accounting||Financials|
|FI-SL||Special Purpose Ledger||Financials|
|PSM||Public Sector Management||Financials|
|RE||Real Estate Management||Financials|
|PA||Personnel Management||Human Capital Management|
|PB||Recruiting||Human Capital Management|
|PD||Personnel Development||Human Capital Management|
|PE||Training and Event Management||Human Capital Management|
|PT||Personnel Time Management||Human Capital Management|
|PY||Payroll||Human Capital Management|
|IS-AD||Aerospace & Defense||Industry Solutions|
|IS-AFS||Apparel and Footwear||Industry Solutions|
|IS-Banking||Banking Industry||Industry Solutions|
|IS-DFPS||Defense Forces & Public Security||Industry Solutions|
|IS-EC&O||Engineering, Construction & Operations||Industry Solutions|
|IS-FS||Financial Services||Industry Solutions|
|IS-HER||Higher Education & Research||Industry Solutions|
|IS-HMED||Clinical System||Industry Solutions|
|IS-M/AM||Media / Advertisement & Media-Sales||Industry Solutions|
|IS-M/SD||Media / Sales & Distribution||Industry Solutions|
|IS-MP||Mill Products||Industry Solutions|
|IS-OIL||Oil & Gas||Industry Solutions|
|IS-PS||Public Sector||Industry Solutions|
|IS-RE||Real Estate||Industry Solutions|
|AB||Agency Business (Settlement Management)||Logistics|
|EHS||Environment, Health & Safety||Logistics|
|EWM||Extended Warehouse Management||Logistics|
|LO||Logistics - General||Logistics|
|PP||Production Planning and Control||Logistics|
|SD||Sales and Distribution||Logistics|